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Ingredients

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3-O-Ethyl-L-Ascorbic Acid

Water soluble molecule produced by modifying Ascorbic Acid (aka Vitamin C). Highly stable, non-irritating, patented derivative. Ethyl ascorbic acid is very effective in boosting collagen synthesis and lightening skin, with over 80% metabolised to pure L-ascorbic acid. Great for sensitive skin. Vitamin C has three proven magic abilities: antioxidant, collagen booster, and skin brightener - but is often unstable - this is a very stable version.

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Algae Extract

Dunaliella Salina

A type of micro-algae that's known for being adaptable & able to survive even in harsh natural conditions. Rich source of beta-carotene (beta carotenoid, which is a provitamin A, a precursor to vitamin A). Acts as a powerful antioxidant for skin & conveys potent antioxidant benefits that can benefit skin. A natural source of vitamin B12.

Allantoin

Moisturises the skin to prevent dryness and irritation. Great exfoliant as it helps in shedding dead skin cells. Very soothing as it has a calming effect on your skin. Heals wounds. Provides hydration. Rebuilds new skin cells. Anti-ageing.

Aloe Vera Leaf Powder

Aloe Barbadensis

Helps to strengthen the elasticity of the skin through the production of fibroblasts, cells that cause the renewal of collagen. Helps the skin to fight the appearance of fine lines & wrinkles.

Annatto (CI75120)

A natural, soluble colourant (dye) that comes from the seeds of the annatto bush (tropical regions). It gives an orange hue.

Arginine

Amino acid. Regulates blood flow. Building blocks for protein & collagen. Anti-ageing. Increases skin's visible hydration levels. Anti-oxidant as it protects skin from free radicals.

Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C. Potent anti-oxidant (scavenges/neutralises free radicals). Smoothes fine lines. Lightens hyperpigmentation and dark spots. Creates collagen. Maintains healthy looking skin.

Ascorbyl Glucoside

An effective antioxidant, brightens the skin tone and reduces signs of ageing. Helps to fade existing dark marks & ward off the production of new ones by interfering in the melanin (colour) production process in the skin. A water-soluble derivative of Vitamin C.

Avena Sativa Oat Kernel Extract

Natural skin cleanser. Smoothes and softens skin. Relieves itchy skin. Gluten Free. Moisturises. Heals skin [ botanical extract ]

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Avocado Oil

Persea Gratissima Avocado

Cold Pressed oil. Rich in Vitamin A/D/E, potassium & lecithin. Good source of skin repairing fatty acids. Antioxidant (UV radiation protection). Emollient. Calms itchy skin. Heals chapped skin. Replenishes dry skin. Hydrates & moisturises. No greasy residue.

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Benzyl Alcohol

Safe to use in cosmetics. Preservative. Produced naturally by many plants.

Bergamot Fruit Oil

Citrus Aurantium Bergamia

Balances oil production. Toning, cleansing & gently antiseptic. It soothes skin irritations, minimizes the look of scars & other marks on the skin.

Billberry Fruit Extract

Vaccinium Myrtillus

Excellent anti-oxidant. Strengthens skin against signs of redness due to its calming properties.

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Black Cumin Seed Oil

Nigella Sativa

Moisture-retaining qualities. Antioxidant properties. Keeps skin elastic. Fights damaging free radicals that cause wrinkles & fine lines. It tames redness & soothes irritation (excellent anti-inflammatory properties). Rich in Vitamin A & amino acids. Reduces acne scars.

Black Currant Oil

Ribes Nigrum

Cold pressed oil. Extremely high in Vitamin C as it carries 4 times the amount of vitamin C as oranges and double the amount of antioxidants as blueberries. The body uses vitamin C to metabolise protein & form collagen, which is essential for skin care & anti-ageing. Keeps the skin hydrated, firm, and younger-looking. It also contains antioxidants to nourish dry skin. It can help with eczema. Rich in gamma linolenic acid (an amino acid which are building block for proteins).

Black Tea Leaf Extract

Camellia Sinensis

Anti-ageing, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and astringent properties. Hydrates skin. Powerful anti-oxidant. Reduces puffiness. Firms.

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Burdock Root Extract

Arctium Lappa

Used to treat skin conditions like acne & eczema. The root's anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties can help resolve skin issues when applied topically to the skin. Antioxidant.

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Butylene Glycol

Safe. Conditioning agent by adding a layer of softness or improved texture to skin. Humectant (preserves water).

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Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Derived from coconut oil & glycerin. Excellent emollient. Skin repairing. Non-sensitising. Its mix of fatty acids can be used to repair skin's surface and resist moisture loss.

Caprylyl Glycol

Humectant. During product use, the water absorbed by the caprylyl glycol structure aids in moisture-retention in the upper layers of skin, providing a moisturising benefit. Helps attract moisture to the skin, resulting in a smoother, softer complexion with decreased wrinkles and a more plump appearance

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Caprylyl Glycol

Humectant. During product use, the water absorbed by the caprylyl glycol structure aids in moisture-retention in the upper layers of skin, providing a moisturising benefit. Helps attract moisture to the skin, resulting in a smoother, softer complexion with decreased wrinkles and a more plump appearance.

Carbomer

Safe to use in cosmetics. Emulsion stabilising. Gel forming. Viscosity controlling.

Carrot Seed Oil

Daucus Carota Sativa

Steam distilled. Its warm, earthy, woody & herbaceous scent has a soothing, refreshing and grounding effect that is known to diminish feelings of fatigue, weakness, anxiety and stress. Used cosmetically, Carrot Seed Oil repairs skin damage, tones muscles and tissue. Tightens skin to prevent it from sagging.

Cetearyl Alcohol

Emollient. Emulsifier. Derived naturally from coconut fatty alcohol. A carrying agent for other ingredients.

Cetyl Esters

Safe synthetic wax. Thickening agent. Emollient.

Citral

Provides scent. Antibacterial. Strong antimicrobial properties. Anti-inflammatory. Bug repellent.

Citric Acid

Safe to use in cosmetics. AHA (alpha hydroxy acid). Protective anti-oxidant. Safe for sensitive skin. Exfoliates upper layer of dead skin cells. Clears pores. Evens skin tone. Softens & smooths skin. Naturally found in citrus fruits. Corrective Anti-ageing effects by reversing UV photo damage. Natural preservative/stabiliser

Citronellol

Natural. Improves scent. Improves and smoothes the skin tone. Tightens up the skin pores effectively.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

Synthetic detergent & surfactant. Used to reduce static, condition the skin & hair, increase the foaming action of certain cleansing & cleaning products, and moderate the viscosity of liquids. May be plant-derived or synthetic, with either form considered safe for use in cosmetic products. It is considered low risk for sensitising skin

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Coco-Glucoside

A common, natural alternative to conventional foaming agents & surfactants. It does not irritate or dry out the skin like other foaming agents. It can be derived from coconut & fruit sugars. Biodegradable.

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Coffee Seed Extract

Coffea Arabica

Brightens skin. Improves texture. Reduces fine lines. Calming effects. Anti-ageing benefits. Anti-inflammatory. Great for treating Acne & Dark circles.After-sun care.

Cranberry Seed Oil

Vaccinium Macrocarpon

Contains a wide variety of beneficial nutrients for your skin, including nutrients that can help with anti-ageing treatment & prevention. The high concentration of antioxidants and intense moisturising ability help smooth fine lines for a more hydrated, youthful appearance. Organic acids such as Benzoic Acid present in cranberry seed oil fights skin irritation & inflammation. The rich Omega 3 & 6 fatty acids help to strengthen the skin's protective barrier, making it the perfect ingredient to calm inflamed and dry skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis and rosacea.

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Cucumber Fruit Extract

Cucumis Sativus

Repairs dry and damaged skin, giving it a softer and smoother appearance. The pH-value (pH5.1 - 5.7) is identical with the human skin (which is noramlly pH4-6).

Cysteine

Amino acid. Builds collagen/protein blocks. Anti-ageing. Along with Vitamin C, it helps skin cells produce enzymes that protect the p53 (tumour suppresor gene). Great for acne. Powerful anti-oxidant as it helps defend against sun damage.

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Deep Sea Water Extract

Deep Sea Extract. Rich in minerals. The natural home of Irish deep sea magnesium. Reduces inflammation and destresses skin. Great for eczema and psoriasis. Refreshes and calms skin. Heals and regenerates skin . Boosts collagen formation and cell renewal. Topical bioavailable magnesium which improves skin health, balances skin PH, promotes skin hydration and prevents overproduction of sebum.

Dehydroacetic Acid

Synthetic preservative. Fungicide. Bactericide.

Dihydroxyacetone

Also known as 'glycerone'. Simple sugar saccharide for tanning products. Colour additive. Safe during pregnancy.

Dimethyl Isosorbide

A lilttle helper ingredient that can boost the performance and enhance the delivery of active ingredients in a formula. It can penetrate deep layers of the skin. Primarily works as a solvent and secondarily as a viscosity decreasing (reducing thickness) agent. It can effectively penetrate the skin, because it has the ability to dissolve loose fat in the skin so that it can carry across the skin membrane. High purity solvent and carrier which offers a safe, effective delivery enhancement mechanism for active ingredients in personal care products.

Disodium EDTA

Safe to use in skin care products. An aminopolycarboxylic acid. Water soluble ingredient used to grab or bind ingredients.

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Elderflower Extract

Sambucus Nicra

soothes skin ; anti-oxidant ; anti-inflammatory

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Ethoxydiglycol

Excellent solvent & carrier. Non-penetrating. Safe to use in cosmetics. Non-irritatin. Non-comedogenic when applied to skin.

Ethylhexyl Palmitate

Improves the texture, feel & scent. Emollient, solvent and fragrance fixative. Ethylhexyl palmitate is an ester (chemical compound derived from an acid) of 2-ethylhexyl alcohol and palmitic acid.

Ethylhexylglycerin

Very safe & a non-irritant. Conditions skin. Helps imprive appearance of skin. Mild humectant. Emollient.

Evening Primrose Oil (Oenothera Biennis)

Soothes. Moisturises. Hydrates. Contains high concentrations of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. These compounds possess potent anti-inflammatory properties, which may help treat & prevent acne. Evening primrose oil (EPO) comes from the seeds of the Oenothera biennis plant, which grows in North America and parts of Europe.

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Ferulic Acid

Found in the cell walls of plants such as rice & oats and the seeds of apples & oranges. A powerful antioxidant that works to boost the effects of other antioxidants. Anti-ageing. Helps to protect overall skin integrity by reducing the development of fine lines, spots & wrinkles.

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Gentian Root Extract

Gentiana Lutea

Soothing ; Antiseptic ; Antioxidant ; aids in skin healing ; makes skin firm & radiant ; protecting & moisturising ; anti-inflammatory

Geranium Seed Oil

Geraniol Pelargonium Gravedlens

Sweet, rose-like fragrance. Anti-inflammatory.

Gluconolactone

An acid, used in skincare formulations to help increase skin cell turnover & improve the appearance of ageing skin. It works in a similar way to AHAs and BHAs but is better for sensitive skin types. It is part of a group of acids called PHAs or polyhydroxy acid . Smoothes skin texture, helps hydration, improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and helps increase skin cell turnover. Removes excess oil.

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Glucose

Natural sugar. A flavouring agent, humectant. Skin-conditioning agent.

Glycerin

Helps maintain the outer skin barrier. Prevents dryness or scaling. Humectant. Skin identical ingredient. Repairs skin

Glyceryl Oleate

Emollient / skin conditioner . Helps to form emulsions by reducing the surface tension of the substances to be emulsified. It is the ester of glycerin & oleic acid. It is produced from oils that contain high concentrations of oleic acid, such as olive oil, peanut oil, teaseed oil or pecan oil. It is used as an emulsifier (mixes oil and water)

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Glyceryl Stearate

Acts as a lubricant on the skin's surface, which gives the skin a soft & smooth appearance. Slows the loss of water from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin's surface.

Glycolic Acid

An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), an organic, carbon-containing molecule. Exfoliates. Fades dark spots. Reduces fine lines & wrinkles. Hydrates. Helps to separate the connections between keratinocytes [skin cells] in the outer layers of skin without rough, mechanical exfoliation techniques & promotes exfoliation so it can artificially speed up cell turnover & bring fresher, younger cells to the surface

Gotu Kola Leaf

Centella Asiatica

Asian herb widely used in Ayurvedic medicine. Heals scarring and wounds. Calms inflammation. Fights free radical damage [botanical extract]

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Grape Seed Oil

Vitis Vinifera

Cold pressed. Regenerating & promoting accessibility. Skin Restructuring. Hydrating. Reduces Scars & Wrinkles. Wound healing. Anti-inflammatory, ideal for the care of acne, oily and combination skin. Smoothes callused skin. Powerful antioxidant & cell membrane-protective, full of potent anti-oxidants that help diminish sun damage & reduce free-radical damage making it ideal for anti-ageing skin care. Tightens skin. Excellent carrier oil

Green Tea Leaf Extract

Camellia Sinensis

Balances oil production. Reduces irritation. Anti-ageing. Skin-toning. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits, which may help to soothe & calm the skin while also providing protection against collagen degradation and skin discolouration.

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Hydrogenated Palm Glycerides

A more stable form of the fatty acid components of palm oil (it has been enriched with hydrogen, which allows it to stay solid at higher temperatures & gives a thicker texture). Emollient. Skin conditioning. Viscosity controlling

Hydrogenated Palm Glycerides Citrate

It is an oily liquid derived from vegetable oils & citric acid . It is an antioxidant, emollient & skin conditioner

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Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Glycerides

A more stable form of the fatty acid components of palm oil (it has been enriched with hydrogen, which allows it to stay solid at higher temperatures and gives a thicker texture). Emollient. Skin conditioning. Viscosity controlling. An occlusive (physically prevents or delays water loss)

Hydroxyacetophenone

Also known as 'SymSave H' . Synthetic anti-oxidant. Soothing agent. A preservative booster. Anti-irritant

Hydroxypinacolone Retinoate

HPR is a new generation retinoid which delivers all the benefits of retinol without the risk of irritation. It is in a form that is quickly & easily absorbed by the skin which means it gets to work immediately, reversing signs of ageing, reducing fine lines and wrinkles and boosting collagen production. Reduction in pigmentation marks & blemishes, reducing sebum production, minimising pores & improving skin texture . Form of retinol / Vitamin A . Not suitable for pregnancy/breastfeeding ladies

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Indian Gooseberry Extract

Phyllanthus Emblica

Also known as Alma fruit. Brightens. Fades hyperpigmentation. Restores natural radiance. Antioxidant

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Isononyl Isononanoate

It is a safe synthetic ingredient used in cosmetics and skincare products to improve the texture and feel of a formulation. Used mainly as an emollient (softens & soothes skin as well as acting as an occlusive to give a protective barrier to lock in moisture), texture enhancer & improves the feel of a product

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Isopropyl Lauroyl Sarcosinate

Non-irritating & non-sensitising . Derived from the amino acid Sarcosine. Biodegradable. A colourless to light yellow oily fluid that works as an emollient (makes your skin nice & smooth) & a solvent for poorly soluble materials

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Jojoba Seed Oil

Simmondsia Chinensis

Cold pressed. Anti-inflammatory. Preserves elasticity. Nourishes & rehydrates. Non-fragrant. Enhances skin barrier properties. Skin healer. Plant oil. Rich in fatty acids that the skin recognises & can use. Stimulates collagen. Protects against UV light damage

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Lactic Acid

A naturally occurring carboxylic acid found in many foods. Exfoliates the skin by removing dead skin cells on the surface. Hydrates skin by enhancing its ability to moisturise itself. Hyperpigmentation fades. Fine lines & wrinkles diminish. The visible benefits are smoother, softer skin & a radiant complexion

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Lavender Flower Oil

Lavandula Angustifolia

Calms & soothes. Antioxidant. Antibacterial

Lecithin

Food additive. Soothes & moisturises skin. Emollient, making skin feel smooth by restoring hydration

Lemon Peel Oil

Citrus Medica Limonum

Astringent, antibacterial, refreshing & a skin tonic

Leucine

Skin cell rejuvenation. Essential amino acid for protein synthesis. Wound healing. Anti-ageing. Creates firmer more supple elasticity in skin

Limonene

Improves scent. Antioxidant. Soothing ingredient

Linalool

An anti-stress & soothing ingredient. Anti-inflammatory. It has a fresh, floral scent (natural ingredient)

Linoleic Acid

Vitamin F. Provides moisture & “plumpness” without weighing down the skin. It fortifies & protects the skin's barrier, thereby helping to fend off UV rays & air pollutants such as smoke, both of which cause free radical activity that can result in wrinkles & signs of ageing.

Linolenic Acid

α-Linolenic acid (ALA) or alpha linolenic acid is one of two essential fatty acids (EFA) that cannot be produced within the body. When applied topically, ample amount of alpha linolenic can integrate & improve the totality of the skin barrier, which can help to enhance the skin's overall appearance. Modulates the immune response of the epidermis - helpful for inflammatory skin diseases (e.g. eczema/acne)

Lysine

Amino acid. Our body cannot make this amino acid. Helps build collagen. Increases elasticity & firmness. Skin healing. Great for acne. Can treat cold sores

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Mango Fruit Extract

Mangifera Indica

Refines. Hydrates. Illuminates. Plant based emollient. Rich source of fatty acids & anti-inflammatory ingredients

Marigold Flower Oil

Calendula Officinalis

Cold pressed and organic. Slows the development of wrinkles. Promotes tighter, more supple skin. Reduces inflammation. A natural oil extracted from marigold flowers (Calendula officinalis); antifungal, anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial benefits. Helps to heal wounds, soothe eczema, relieve acne breakouts & nappy rash.

Meadowfoam Seed Oil

Limnanthes Alba

Locks in moisture. Anti-ageing. Helps remove blockages in pores, allowing skin to breathe. Emollient (creates protective seal over skin to keep moisture in. Non-comedogenic. Lightweight. Sinks right in leaving skin supple, glowing & hydrated.

Milk Thistle Extract

Silybum Marianum

Anti-oxidant. Promotes healing skin. Improves inflammatory conditions like acne/eczema. Anti-ageing

Myristyl Myristate

Naturally derived fatty alcohol. Skin moisturiser & hydrator. An emollient, texture enhancer & co-emulsifier . Great for dry skin

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Niacinamide

Vitamin B3. Niacinamide helps build keratin, a type of protein that keeps your skin firm & healthy. Enhances skin barrier function. Lipid barrier as it increases ceramide & free fatty acid levels in skin preventing skin from losing water content & stimulates microcirculation in the dermis. Minimises redness & blotchiness. Minimises pore appearance and revives skin's healthy tone & texture. Regulates oil. Protects against sun damage. Treats hyperpigmentation. Minimizes fine lines & wrinkles and improves skin elasticity

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Octyldodecanol

Safe for use in cosmetics. Fatty alcohol produced from natural fats (non-animal) & oils. Emulsifer & opacifying agent. Lubricant. Emollient

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PEG-100 Stearate

A soft waxy substance. Emulsifier. It strengthens the skin's moisture barrier by forming a thin fatty layer on the skin's surface, which prevents moisture loss and increases overall hydration.

Palmitoyl Dipeptide-5 Diaminobutyroyl Hydroxythreonine

A peptide. Helps to improve skin elasticity, firmness & overall volume by stimulating the production of several types of Collagens (IV, VI, XVII, Laminin V and Integrin β4), which helps to give smoother skin & reduced appearance of wrinkles

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5

Acts on the specific skin receptors & stimulates the production of collagen in our skin cells. Protects collagen. Firms & improves skin texture. Reduces the appearance of wrinkles & fine-lines. Makes skin look healthier & fresh

Pantolactone

A humectant to help the skin retain moisture, leaving skin looking glowy, healthy & plump

Papaya Fruit Extract

Carica Papaya

Calms inflammation. Rejuvenates. Tightens pores. Exfoliating (enzyme papain)

Passiflora Edulis Fruit Extract

Passionfruit

Antioxidant. Soothes & calms dry, itchy , irritated skin. Keeps the skin looking firm & youthful. Reduces the appearance of fine lines & wrinkles. Keeps the skin smooth & plump. Hydrates & moisturises the skin without clogging pores

Peg-6 Caprylic/Capric Glycerides Sorbitan Stearate

A polyethylene glycol derivative of a mixture of mono-, di-, and triglycerides of caprylic and capric acids with an average of 6 moles of ethylene oxide. Safe to use in cosmetics. A water loving liquid. Emulsifier. Surfactant (compounds that lower the surface tension between two liquids, between a gas & a liquid, or between a liquid & a solid)

Pentylene Glycol

Safe to use in cosmetics. Synthetic humectant. Excellent for mature skin. Is able to optimally bind water and supply the skin with specific moisture

Phenoxyethanol

Stabiliser. Preservative. Antibacterial. Can help alleviate acne. Phenoxyethanol is safer than parabens and is the current best preservative available that has been scientifically proven to be effective and safe. Found naturally occurring in green tea and chicory. For commercial purposes, phenoxyethanol has been synthetically re-created in a laboratory. This is known as making a “nature identical” chemical.

Polysorbate-20

Derived from sorbitol, a natural ingredient. Improves the texture, feel, and scent of the product. It is mainly used as a surfactant, emulsifier (helps bind/mix oil & water) and fragrance ingredient

Pomegranate Extract

Punica Granatum

Cold pressed and organic. High levels of Vitamin C & antioxidants, which can help prevent cell damage. May boost the ability of skin to repair itself by regenerating the supporting collagen structure of the skin. Skin conditioner

Potassium Sorbate

Mild preservative. Extends the shelf-life of your products by preventing the growth of bacteria, fungi, and moulds. An alternative to parabens. Potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid. Safe in low dosages

Prickly Pear Seed Oil

Opuntia Ficus-Indica

Hydrating. Antibacterial. Antioxidant . Can reduce skin inflammation. Prevents skin damage and acne

Propanediol

Safe to use in cosmetics. Can be derived naturally (from corn) or synthetically. It has hydrating properties that may leave a smooth, dewy finish. A well-tolerated ingredient, not likely to cause sensitivity. Humectant (moisture retaining), solvent (ability to dissolve) and emollient (softener)

Pumpkin Fruit Ferment Filtrate

Lactobacillus

Obtained by fermenting the pumpkin fruit with lactobacillus lactis. Vitamin A-rich pumpkin softens & smoothes thanks to its exfoliating effect. Enhanced cellular renewal

Pumpkin Seed Oil

Cucurbita Pepo

Rich in vitamins A and C, zinc, antioxidants and unsaturated fatty acids. Great moisturiser for oily skin types, especially acne. Firms the skin. Anti-ageing

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Radish Root ferment Filtrate

Leuconostoc

Natural antimicrobial preservative. Moisturises & conditions skin

Red Algae Extract

Chondrus Crispus

Type of seaweed that's a rich source of many nutrients for skin, including the pigment Beta-carotene & the potent antioxidants zeaxanthin, lutein, which help protect skin from the visible effects of blue light exposure. Enhances the skin’s moisture barrier. Preserves elasticity. Nourishes & rehydrates

Red Bush Tea Leaf Extract

Aspalathus Linearis

Also know as 'Rooibus Tea'. Strong antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Wound healing. Free radical scavenger. Anti-ageing. Evens out skin tone & increases skin radiance

Retinyl Palmitate

Potential to form retinoic acid. Anti-ageing. Anti-oxidant. Used to counteract the appearance of dry, flaky skin. Promotes skin cell turnover, improves skin tone, helps unclog pores, helps thicken the dermis to slow down the formation of wrinkles

Rhodiola Rosea Root Extract

Protects against free radicals as an anti-oxidant. Revitalizes skin. Reduces appearance of fine line & wrinkles. Stimulates skin by increasing circulation & cell turnover

Rose Geranium Seed Oil

Pelargonium Gravedlens

Antibacterial. Antimicrobial. Antiseptic. Beneficial for reducing acne breakouts, skin irritation & skin infections when applied topically.

Rosehip Oil

Rosa Canina

Cold pressed. An excellent skin anti-ageing product with antioxidative, anti-inflammatory & skin moisturising properties to provide high protection for our skin against inflammation & environmentally induced oxidative stress (sun & pollution). The fatty acids & Vitamin A in rosehip oil moisturise the skin, promote skin regeneration & can improve skin flexibility and permeability, meaning it can improve skin texture and even reduce the appearance of acne scars or stretch marks.

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Shea Butter

Butyrospermum Parkii

Rich in antioxidants. A plant lipid (fat). Anti-inflammatory. Skin soothing. Emollient. High concentration of fatty acids & vitamins

Sodium Ascorbate

Vitamin C. Converts to ascorbic acid when applied to skin, suggesting its efficacy may be less potent than that of ascorbic acid, making it less irritating for your skin & more stable when exposed to light & air. Fights skin ageing. Promotes a balanced healthy skin

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate

A stable, water-soluble form of vitamin C. Ideal for anti-ageing. Boosts collagen. Anti-oxidant. Brightens uneven skin tone

Sodium Benzoate

Salt of benzoic acid. Safe to use in cosmetics. Preservative (mostly against fungus but also against bacteria)

Sodium Chloride

Also known as salt. Thickening agent. Salt's mineral content helps restore the protective barrier in skin & helps it hold hydration

Sodium Coco-Sulphate

Creates a rich foam and cleanses hair & skin. Its thorough action dissolves dirt and grease effectively. Made from the fatty acids of coconut oil, it's a good palm-free alternative to sodium lauryl sulfate

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Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate

Derived from natural sources such as coconut oil, palm kernel oil & fermented sugar . Mild surfactant compared to other surfactants available in the market

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Sodium Hyaluronate

Derived from hyaluronic acid (in salt-form). Smaller molecular size than HA so penetrates into the deeper layers of skin (thus more hydrating). Hydrophilic, meaning it easily mixes with water. Attracts moisture into the skin (when topically appied). Reduces dryness & flaking. ECOCERT & COSMOS approved

Sodium Hyaluronate Crosspolymer

A modified form of skin-replenishing hyaluronic acid attached to a polymer structure that keeps it within skin's uppermost layers longer, allowing for enhanced hydration. Not animal-derived. Hydrophilic, meaning it easily mixes with water. When applied topically, it attracts moisture in skin cells. This reduces dryness & flaking by increasing skin hydration. Compared to high molecular weight HA, sodium hyaluronate can provide a greater hydrating effect.

Sodium Hydroxide

Also known as 'lye'. Establishes & holds the pH level (highly alkaline)

Sodium Lactate

A superior humectant moisturiser with over twice the water holding ability than Glycerin. It replenishes moisture by attracting & retaining water within the skin, preventing it from becoming dehydrated, dry & flaky.

Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate

Synthetic form (as can also be animal derived). Helps skin remain soft & pliable. Moisturiser. Anti-microbial. Effective emulsifier. Stabilises the water phase of moisturisers and other skincare products that contain hydrating ingredients

Sorbitol

Sweetener . A thickener. Humectant. Conditioning agent for the skin, preventing moisture loss from the skin

Squalane

Vegan/ Olive plant derived. Superb emollient. Powerful anti-ageing properties . Non-greasy. Provides surface hydration without clogging pores . Mega hydrator as acts like a barrier locking in moisture locked to keep skin supple & plump for longer. Softens & soothes skin. Balances oil production (provides just enough moisture to keep skin clear & healthy). Great for eczema/acne prone skin conditions. Anti-inflammatory. Protects against environmental damage

Stearic Acid

A fatty acid found in various animal & plant fats. A major component of cocoa butter & shea butter

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Sucrose Palmitate

Skin conditioning agent, smoothing and softening the skin. It has a great skin-feel. Emollient. Hydrates the skin. Sugar ester (sucrose + palmitic acid) that works as a natural emulsifier (helps oil and water to mix). Sucrose is derived from sugar cane & the sugar beet.

Sucrose Stearate

The ester of the natural substance stearic acid & sucrose (sugar), sucrose stearate works in cosmetics as an emollient, emulsifier & cleansing agent.

Sunflower Seed Oil

Helianthus Annuus

Cold pressend and organic . Particularly beneficial for dry, dehydrated, or environmentally compromised skin because its linoleic acid content helps skin synthesise its own lipids (fats), including ceramides, visibly repairing its barrier and leading to smoother, healthier-looking skin. Non-volatile, non-fragrant plant oil used as an emollient in cosmetics. Sunflower seed oil’s 60% (on average) linoleic acid content has the ability to help replenish, strengthen & soothe skin. Also contains other beneficial fatty acids skin can use, including oleic, palmitic, stearic, and a small amount of omega-3 linolenic acid. A natural calming effect on skin, so can be helpful for reducing signs of skin stress or irritation. Research on infants with atopic dermatitis has shown that topical sunflower oil is a viable ingredient to alternate with topical steroids normally prescribed to control symptoms of this skin disorder.

Superoxide Dismutase

It is derived from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, commonly used in wine-making and baking. Enzyme found in all living cells. Very important antioxidant defense against oxidative stress in the body. Protects skin from free radical damage. Prevents visible signs of ageing. Helps repair signs of ageing by promoting a youthful complexion, encouraging resilient skin

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Tamanu/Foraha Seed Oil

Calophyllum Inophyllum

Cold pressed and organic. Anti-inflammatory. Anti-bacterial. This soothing oil could be beneficial for ailments such as acne, psoriasis, scarring, sunburn, eczema, joint aches and pains, athlete's foot, as well as nail infections. An active ingredient rich in fatty acids, which can help keep skin moisturised. It contains antioxidants, which fight against damage from free radicals

Tamarind Seed Polysaccharide

Tamarindus indica

Intense brightening. Clarifies skin. Reduces dark spots. A polysaccharide that moisturises & smoothes the skin. It improves the skin's elasticity & leaves an extremely pleasant velvety feeling on the skin

Tangerine Extract

Citrus Tangerina

Natural AHA (alpha hydroxy acid). Soothing agent. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Anti-bacterial. Anti-fungal. Hydrating. Maintains skin elasticity. Wound healing. Boosts collagen formation/ builds connective tissue. Increases skin radiance. Tightens & refines pores & skin. Cleansing agent

Tetradecyl Aminobutyroylvalylaminobutyric Urea Trifluoroacetate

TAUT is also marketed under the name Syn-Hycan (Center Chem). A tripeptide with anti-ageing effects in skin. In its product form it is combined with water, glycerine & magnesium chloride. Boosts the synthesis of hyaluronic acid in the skin (up to 300% based on in-vitro tests) that is important for proper skin hydration

Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate

Stabiliser. To enhance & preserve the formulation's ingredients. Acts as a heavy metal chelating (binding) agent. A synthetic chelating agent that has a natural origin (made by reacting a metal ion from a soluble metal salt with an organic acid or its salt)

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Tetrasodium Iminodisuccinate

Eco-friendly. Also known as 'aspartic acid', it is a plant-derived water softener. Non-irritating

Tyrosine

Amino acid . Helps reduce wrinkles. Moisturising. Tyrosine is also thought to stimulate fibroblasts to make more collagen when it is paired with ascorbic acid.

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Valine

Essential amino acid. Great skin hydrator. Essential in humans as our body cannot synthesise it. Building blocks of peptides & proteins (and skin resilience). Anti-ageing. Skin tightening effect

Vitamin B5

Panthenol

Pro-vitamin B5. Alcohol form of Vitamin B pantotheic acid. Improves skin barrier function. Maintains proliferation of fibroblasts (cells that create collagen). Humectant (able to attract & hold moisture). Antioxidant

Vitamin E

Tocopherol

Anti-oxidant (fights free radicals). Skin Healing. Helps support immune system & skin health. Reduces UV damage. The active form is alpha-tocopherol. A fat soluble. Made from soy beans

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Water

Aqua

solvent

White Daisy Flower Extract

Bellis Perennis

Brightens. Reduces hyperpigmentation (It carries a unique combination of polyphenols which work hard as tyrosinase inhibitors which naturally suppress melanin production, reduces the appearance of dark spots and lightens and brightens the complexion naturally). Skin firming. Regenerates

Willow Bark Extract

Salix Alba

Provides gentle exfoliation for more radiant skin. Helps reduce acne and excess oil. Helps reduce signs of aging and the appearance of wrinkles. Refines pores and minimizes pore size. Helps alleviate conditions such as psoriasis, eczema & rosacea.

Witch Hazel Leaf Extract

Hamamelis Virginiana

Reduces acne & oily skin. Soothes puffy eyes & sunburn

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Xanthan Gum

Used in organic, natural skincare. Safe to use in cosmetics. Hydrating. Not an active ingredient. Stabiliser. Thickening agent. Used for product texture & formulation

Ingredients found in